Nearly nine out of 10 premenopausal and postmenopausal women in the United States experience hot flashes, night sweats or other disturbances in mood and sleep.
Researchers have discovered how some types of eye cells alter their structure following elevated eye pressure.
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On the Horizon: An Earlier Glaucoma Diagnosis?
Younger women who have suffered heart attacks go through more stress than their male counterparts, and that could lead to a worse recovery, according to new findings by Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues. “Women tend to report greater stress and more stressful life events than men, potentially because of their different roles in family life and work, as compared to men,” said first author Xiao Xu , assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine. “This difference in the level of stress may be an important reason for sex-based differences in recovery after acute myocardial infarction.” According to a news release from Yale Medicine, to reach their conclusion Xu and her colleagues used data from the Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender Outcomes on Young AMI Patients (VIRGO) study, the largest prospective observational study of young and middle-aged women and men with AMI
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Stress Linked to Poor Recovery from Heart Attack in Women
Scholars have long debated what successful aging is, how to measure it, and how to promote it. The February 2015 issue of The Gerontologist lays the groundwork for building consensus on the topicwhile pointing out that the answer may differ among academics and the general public, as well as across populations and demographic groups. A release from the Gerontological Society of America quotes The Gerontologist Editor Rachel Pruchno , PhD as writing in the issue’s opening editorial, “With an enhanced understanding of what successful aging is, we will be in a stronger position to develop interventions that will enable more people to age successfully
What Is Successful Aging?
Any health benefits from alcohol may be limited to women aged 65 and over – and even then may have been exaggerated by existing studies, according to research done in the UK and published February 2015 in The BMJ . A release from the journal notes that high alcohol consumption has been associated with more than 200 acute and chronic conditions. Globally, more than three million deaths each year are attributed to alcohol
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Health Benefits of Alcohol May Have Been Exaggerated
Intravenous fluids are supposed to improve or control a patient’s condition, but they may be doing just the opposite for patients with severe heart failure, according to a new study. The observational study, led by researchers from Yale, was published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology ( JACC ): Heart Failure
Intravenous Fluids May Hurt Some Heart Patients
Taking in such spine-tingling wonders as the Grand Canyon, Sistine Chapel ceiling or Schubert’s “Ave Maria” may give a boost to the body’s defense system, according to research done at the University of California, Berkeley and published in January 2015 in the journal Emotion. A release from the university explains that the researchers have linked positive emotions – especially the awe we feel when touched by the beauty of nature, art and spirituality – with lower levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are proteins that signal the immune system to work harder. The release quotes lead author Jennifer Stellar as saying, “Our findings demonstrate that positive emotions are associated with the markers of good health.” While cytokines are necessary for herding cells to the body’s battlegrounds to fight infection, disease and trauma, sustained high levels of cytokines are associated with poorer health and such disorders as type-2 diabetes, heart disease, arthritis and even Alzheimer’s disease and clinical depression.
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Nature, Art & Religion Boost Immune System
Researchers from UCLA have founded that meditation seems to help preserve the brain’s “gray matter” – i.e. tissue that contains neurons. The scientists looked specifically at the association between age and gray matter, according to a news release from the university, comparing 50 people who had meditated for an average of 20 years and 50 people who hadn’t
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Meditation May Help Fight Brain Aging
Although conventional wisdom says men and women are very different – men are stoic, women are emotional, for example – a new study indicates that the two genders are much more alike than commonly believed. Zlatan Krizan , an associate professor of psychology at Iowa State University, and colleagues conducted a synthesis of more than 100 meta-analyses of gender differences, according to a news release from the university.
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Male/Female Differences: Not as Big as You Think
Researchers from the Salk Institute have discovered that we unconsciously maintain our balance via a cluster of neurons that acts as a “mini-brain.” In their study, published in the journal Cell, the scientists “map the neural circuitry of the spinal cord,” according to a news release from the institute. The investigators said that the “circuitry” allows the body to make small adjustments to foot position and balance by using touch sensors in the feet. The work provides the first blueprint of a spinal circuit that integrates commands from the brain and sensory information from the limbs, the institute said. The understanding could eventually help in developing therapies for spinal cord injuries and illnesses that affect motor skills and balance.
The "Mini-Brain" That Helps Us Function